Meister aus Solingen und Klingenthal (Frankreich) in die Stadt Zlatoust (Ural, Rußland)

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  • londmitrij
    Benutzer
    • 11.07.2021
    • 66

    Meister aus Solingen und Klingenthal (Frankreich) in die Stadt Zlatoust (Ural, Rußland)

    Die Suche betrifft das Jahr oder den Zeitraum: 1814-1817
    Genaue Orts-/Gebietseingrenzung: Solingen, Lennep, Remscheid, Klingenthal (Bas-Rhin, Frankreich), Slatoust (Ural, Rußland)


    The appearance of German (Prussian) masters in the city of Zlatoust is due, on the one hand, to the conditions prevailing in Europe (in particular, the devastating campaigns of Napoleon), which led to the impoverishment of the local population. On the other hand, the creation of an arms factory in Russia was planned for a long time, and the current situation made it possible to lure armourers from Prussia to the Ural. The conditions that they were offered in Russia were really attractive: huge salaries compared to Russian workers, exemption from military service, free livestock, land, wood for building houses, medical treatment, free education for children in St. Petersburg, etc. So it was an offer almost impossible to refuse.
    The recruitment and organization of the relocation of armourers from Prussia (mainly from the city of Solingen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany) to the Ural in 1814 was carried out by bergrat Friedrich August Alexander Eversmann (https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friedr...nder_Eversmann ) In 1817, the emigration was also from Klingenthal (Bas-Rhin department, France).

    Solingen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany: https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solingen


    Klingenthal, Bas-Rhin department, France: https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Klingenthal_(Bas-Rhin)


    Zlatuost (Slatoust), Ural region, Russia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zlatoust


    Link to the Russian forum: https://forum.vgd.ru/4098/130270/0.h...tdforum_view&o
  • londmitrij
    Benutzer
    • 11.07.2021
    • 66

    #2
    The first emigrants arrived to the city of Zlatoust in 1814 to build and organize a factory. The contracts between them and Eversmann were concluded in the cities of Lennep (now the urban district of the city of Remscheid), Hagen, Berlin and St. Petersburg.
    The path of emigrants from Solingen was established to be run through the city of Braunschweig to the port of the city of Lübeck (there was the Russian consulate at that time, headed by the consul Gotthard Emanuel von Aderkas), from where they sailed on ships to the city of Kronstadt (St. Petersburg). Then, from St. Petersburg to Zlatoust they traveled by land.

    Kommentar

    • londmitrij
      Benutzer
      • 11.07.2021
      • 66

      #3
      This whole history of the emigration of Germans to Zlatoust and the organization of their life is described in great detail and interestingly in the following sources in Russia and Germany (the latter can be viewed here: https://www.solingen.de/de/dienstlei...hivbibliothek/, https: //books.google.de/):

      - article by A.S. Burmakin "Historical data on the introduction of the manufacture of cold weapons in the Zlatoust factory by German masters" Mountain magazine (St. Petersburg, 1912), vol. 4, volume 10-11, 240.


      - a series of articles by V. Bokov "German masters at the Zlatoust factory" in the Journal of the Imperial Russian Military Historical Society (St. Petersburg, 1913) № 11-12. С. 289-295, 353-362, 519-529, 602-615.
      Электронный ресурс: 1913, кн. 1-12. (1913). Место хранения оригинала - Российская государственная библиотека (РГБ). Код оцифрованного документа в НЭБ: 000199_000009_60000112757


      - Weyersberg, Albert: Solinger Klingen- und Messerhandwerker in Rußland, zunächst in Slatoust. Die Heimat 04/1930 S. 13 f

      - Busch, Leo: Solinger wollen nach Rußland auswandern. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der bergischen Auswanderung im 19. Jahrhundert. Solinger Tageblatt vom 08.09.1938

      - Busch, Leo: Ein Solinger Auswanderungskontrakt aus dem Jahre 1814. Ein wichtiger Fund zur Geschichte der Solinger Auswanderung nach Rußland. Die Heimat 07/1939 S. 25 f

      - Günther, Julius. Solinger Tageblatt vom 01.03.1940

      - Bauermann. WNP vom 10. Januar 1953

      - Kelleter-Sammlung: LPA 8, Blatt 176

      - Busch, Leo: Zeitschrift des BGV. 1939, 67. Band, Seite 66 ff

      Kommentar

      • londmitrij
        Benutzer
        • 11.07.2021
        • 66

        #4
        Information about the foreigns of the Zlatoust Factory has been preserved in the following archival documents in Russia and Germany.

        1) Archive of the Zlatoust city district:


        - Fund I-15 "Zlatoust City Orphan's Court"
        - Fund I-19 "The main office of the Zlatoust plants of the Zlatoust mining district"
        - Fund I-24 "Zlatoust office of the Armory and Knyaz-Mikhailovsky steel mills of the Main office of the Zlatoust plants and the arms factory of the Mining Department"
        - Fund I-41 "Parish registers of the Three Saints Church in the city of Zlatoust"
        - Fund I-48 "Parish registers of the Holy Trinity Cathedral in the city of Zlatoust, Ufa province"
        - Fund I-56 "Dean of the 1st district of the Zlatoust district of the Ufa province in the city of Zlatoust"
        - Fund I-76 "Zlatoust postal and telegraph savings bank".

        Interestingly, in Zlatoust, a Lutheran church was built especially for the masters. But its documents have not yet been found (they are not in the archives of Zlatoust, Ufa and Chelyabinsk). Only a part of them are available in the Fund I-98 (inventory 1, item 1a "Mosque, Lutheran church, Catholic church 1894-1920". One can download them here: https://drive.google.com/drive/folde...tyZsKUluYEuTYO

        2) State Archive of the Orenburg Region:


        - fund of the office of the Orenburg Governor-General (report of the Director of the Arms Factory)
        - documents on the transition of the Zlatoust artisans to the urban estate for 1865-1875.
        - the fund of the Orenburg State Chamber (a list of persons belonging to the Zlatoust factories and the Arms factory, according to the 9th national census; but here only statistical data without names)

        3) National Archives of the Republic of Bashkortostan:


        - census of the Arms Factory and the Zlatoust Plant; available online here: https://basharchive.ru/census/reviz/
        - materials of the agricultural and land census of 1917 in the city of Zlatoust; available online here: https://basharchive.ru/census/1917/

        4) Russian State Historical Archive (St. Petersburg):


        - Fund of the Mining Department (F. 37): a lot of different items concerning foreign masters in the city of Zlatoust
        The central place here is occupied by microfilmed items 61-72 in inventory 11. In fact, this is one document in 12 volumes entitled "On the trip of Hartmann and Eversman to foreign lands to invite foreign armourers to leave for Russia and setting up a factory for making white weapons at the Zlatoust plants.

        The whole history of German emigration to Zlatoust is described in detail at the above link. You can briefly read about this in the article «The history of the establishment of foreign armourers in Russia in the middle of the 19th century»:


        5) Central State Historical Archive of St. Petersburg:


        - Fund of the Petrograd Institute of Technology (F. 492): cases of admission, training and exclusion of students, among whom were the children of foreign masters of the Zlatoust weapons factory.

        - There are valuable databases on non-Orthodox (Catholics, Lutherans, Calvinists) foreigners, compiled by employees of the South Ural State University. There are also Catholics living in Zlatoust in these databases. Attachments at the very bottom of this page: https://culture.susu.ru/nauchnaya-deyatelnost


        6) National Historical Archive of Belarus (Minsk):
        Mogilev Roman Catholic Ecclesiastical Consistory (F. 1781, inventory 30, item 36): extracts from parish registers of the Zlatoust Roman Catholic Church. I don’t know how these documents got to the city of Minsk, but in addition to Zlatoust, there are also extracts from the books of churches from the cities of Irkutsk, Kazan, Krasnoyarsk, Moscow, Tver, Nizhny Novgorod, Nerchinsk, Omsk, Perm, Poltava, Smolensk, Tobolsk, Tomsk, Kharkov, Chernigov, maybe there is something else.
        https://niab.by/newsite/fondi1701-1800
        They are fortunately available on FamilySearch: https://www.familysearch.org/search/...tory%20Library


        7) Archives in Germany:

        - Archive in Nordrhein-Westfalen, https://www.archive.nrw.de/); an online search is available here for documents from various archives of North Rhine-Westphalia, including those listed below;
        ere you can also download the database compiled from the church registers of the Wittgenstein district (https://www.archive.nrw.de/landesarc...-familiendatei ); the same database is available in the family book of the Wittgenstein district – Ortsfamilienbuch Wittgensteiner Land (https://www.online-ofb.de/wittgenstein/?lang=de )

        - Landesarchiv NRW Abteilung Westfalen:
        K 001 / Oberpräsidium Münster, Nr. 2788 «Auswanderung von Fabrikarbeitern bes. nach Rußland»;
        AA 0639 / Generalgouvernement Berg AA 0639, Nr. 1810 «Handwerker und Fabrikarbeiter»;

        - Kreisarchiv des Märkischen Kreises:
        «Bemerkungen auf der Reise von Moskow nach Slatoust (Fotokopie des Originals)»

        - Stadtarchiv Solingen:
        S / Solingen (1808-1929), Nr. Hist. Arch. I-LVB-21 «Landesherrliche Verfügungen (meist 1816)» (65f, 103, 184, *254ff, 282, 302))

        - Geheimes Staatsarchiv Preußischer Kulturbesitz (GStA PK)
        (https://gsta.preussischer-kulturbesitz.de/)
        mentioned in an article by Leo Busch (Zeitschrift des BGV, 1939, 67); this article contains extracts from the documents of this archive regarding the emigration of Germans to the Ural.
        Zuletzt geändert von Xtine; 28.05.2023, 19:46. Grund: Update.

        Kommentar

        • londmitrij
          Benutzer
          • 11.07.2021
          • 66

          #5
          In the Russian State Historical Archive (St. Petersburg) I worked with items 37-11---61-72 "On the trip of Hartmann and Eversman to foreign lands to invite foreign armourers to leave for Russia and setting up a factory for making white weapons at the Zlatoust plants" (12 volumes).

          Below I give the names of emigrants who take place in these items (I have photocopies of the sheets). I conditionally divided them into 2 parts: those who emigrated in 1814 and those who arrived to Russia in 1817; in the latter case, emigration was also occurred from the city of Klingenthal (Bas-Rhin, France) and surroundings (see below):

          1814: Oberkott, Auferkotte, Bedell, Berghaus, Berger, Bertram, Bick, Birkendahl, Boyce, Brun, Brink, Brinker, Brisler, Brunöller, Waterkamp, Weidembach, Weirsberg, Wiedenbach, Wolferz, Haas, Hallbach, Gartkop, Hartmann - pastor, Geze, Helmich, Genken, Hennich, George, Gepp, Hermes, Gieler, Hulsberg, Hölz - pastor, Hohnholz, Hoppe, Grah, Delaneyen, Drevis, Zach, Zapet, Ibach, Kaimer, Kusemann, Killing, Kin, Kind, Kippers, Kirchhoff, Clauberg, Klaimer, Klein, Klimmer, Kolfhaus, Kratz, Kunz, Langscheid, Lauterjung, Levringhaus, Linder, Lötges, Lohbach, Lorsch, Luhn, Mai, Mednir, Müller, Neuer, Novak, Ohliger, Pedel, Pickert, Poetter, Ralenbeck, Reich, Relinkof, Röntchen, Rille, Rittershaus, Richter, Rosenkaimer, Rosiger, Salamon, Fischer, Fkick, Tsym, Schaaf - hebamme, Schliper, Schmitz, Schneider, Schneck, Steinke), Steinfas, Strieger, Ströter, Ebert, Eslinger, Janzen.

          1817: Ahr (Strasbourg), Adams (Solingen), Adams (Klingenthal), Apsolon?, Bauschewski, Bedell, Bender, Böntgen (Solingen), Berg (Solingen), Beek (Klingenthal), (Bielstein) (Ottrot), Wagner, Weyersberg (Solingen), Windhöfel, Wolferz (Solingen), Haus, Geisler (Klingenthal), Hessenbruch (Solingen), Gilzberg, Gireiber (Klingenthal), Goseer, Holtzman (Ottrot), Horsberg, Grah, Graveur, Graff, Dietrich, Dosser (Ottrot), Dreyer (Ottrot), Duzer, Karchakovsky, Köller (Solingen), Keller (Klingenthal), Kind, Kollet, Kunigung (Solingen), Lambert (Ottrot), Leysipen (Solingen), Lerhanz, Linder, Lobstein (Klingenthal), Malo (Klingenthal), Marger, Mednir, Meigen, Milemersheim (Klingenthal), Müller (Klingenthal), Mofar (Klingenthal), Naumann, Neuländer (Klingenthal), Nippe, Nitter (Klingenthal), Nordgren, Olivier, Petter, Remscheid, Ritting, Ruf (Klingenthal), Thugarten (Solingen), Tegarten (Klingenthal), Fedder, Ferber (Solingen), Volkmann, Freiber, Frölich (Volksheim), Hagenau (Klingenthal), Hofer, Schafer (Bœrsch), Schwarts (Solingen), Schinckenmayer, Schlichter (Solingen), Schlechter (Solingen), Schmidt (Klingenthal), Schmitz, Schprewitz, Schreiber (Ottrot), Stadler (Klingenthal), Stebler (Rosenheim), Schtapler (Klingenthal), Eslinger.

          Kommentar

          • hmw
            Erfahrener Benutzer
            • 16.06.2016
            • 1378

            #6
            Hey there,

            first of all thank you for these detailed information and sources, great work! I am especially interested in family Böntgen from Solingen, who could be relatives of my fathers family:

            Johann Abraham Böntgen, swordsmith, * 1775 in Stöcken, ~ 14.11.1775 in Solingen
            Son of Johann Friedrich Benjamin Böntgen and Anna Catharina Krah

            oo 22.08.1806 in Solingen

            Charlotta Friederika Johanna Helene Idel, * 1778 in Wiehl
            Daughter of Heinrich Caspar Idel and Catharina Sibylla Schnabel

            1. Johanna Carolina, * 07.02.1807 in Klauberg, ~ 13.02.1807 in Solingen
            2. Johann Abraham, * 05.04.1814 in Pilghausen, ~ 12.04.1814 in Solingen
            3. Friedrich, * 31.05.1816 in Solingen, ~ 05.07.1816 in Solingen

            There could be more kids between 1807 and 1814, but these are all christenings I can find in the records of the reformed parrish in Solingen. After 1816 there is no more trace of any of the family members in Solingen, so a migration in 1817 would fit pretty well.

            Are there more details in your copies that could confirm, that this family went to Zlatoust?

            Gruß
            Martin

            Kommentar

            • londmitrij
              Benutzer
              • 11.07.2021
              • 66

              #7
              Hi, Martin!

              Yes, I have information about Böntgen. I will answer you with a private message.

              Kommentar

              • londmitrij
                Benutzer
                • 11.07.2021
                • 66

                #9
                The husband of Henrietta Böntgen (the daughter of Johann Abraham and Charlotte) was Eduard Weyersberg (also from Solingen). Their granddaughter Victoria (1863-1942) was the wife of Karl Johann Otto Ottovich Ziling.
                Their tree is at the following links:
                Предки Виктории Зилинг. Эту схему в августе 2014 г. сделала Галина Горохова. Её предки Бентхен связаны с Зилингами. Количество посещений + 100 000 с 22.07.2010

                Зилинги. ЗилингиРодные сестры моего деда, Иннокентия Ивановича Дьякова, отца моей мамы, погибшего в тюремных застенках в Алма-Ате в 1939 году - Агриппина Ивановна и Анна Ивановна Павлова (ур.Дьяковы). Жили они в Ачинске, Томске, Салаире, опять в

                Kommentar

                • hmw
                  Erfahrener Benutzer
                  • 16.06.2016
                  • 1378

                  #10
                  Hey Dmitry,

                  awesome, thank you very much! I will need some time to look through these things and will answer you via mail, also concerning your search in Solingen.

                  Gruß
                  Martin

                  Kommentar

                  • londmitrij
                    Benutzer
                    • 11.07.2021
                    • 66

                    #11
                    Below is the genealogy of Richter family who emigrated from Solingen to Zlatoust in April 1814. The genealogy was made on the basis of the above sources.
                    Familienbuch Remscheid was also used: https://www.bvff.de/?Veroeffentlichungen___FB_Remscheid
                    Numbering of persons in the following format: xxx-yyy, where xxx - number of a person in the list, yyy - number of a person's father. "My" direct ancestors are in bold.

                    Genealogie der Familie Richter

                    I generation
                    1. Philip (Johann Jacob) (wife - Anna Catharina Becker)

                    II generation
                    2-1. Georg (Jurgen Wilhelm, Georg Wilhelm, Johann Wilhelm) (1771 (Hessen-Darmstadt, Sayn-Wittgenstein, Prussia) – before 1855 (Zlatoust)) (first wife – Anna Juliana Maria Christina Brenner, 1769; second wife – Anna Maria Claas, 1784; third wife - Caroline, 1804; forth wife – Frederika (in Russian, Fedosia), 1799) (emigrated in 1814)

                    III generation
                    3-2. Johannes Carl Wilhelm (1794 (Berghausen) - 1808 (Remscheid))
                    4-2. Friedrich Wilhelm Jacob (in Russian, Yakov) (1797 (Stachelhausen) - 1869 (Zlatoust)) (first wife – Pelageya Nikolaevna, 1797-1833; second wife – Emilia Petrovna Waterkamp, 1808) (emigrated with his father in 1814)
                    5-2. Johannes Friedrich Wilhelm (1799 (Stachelhausen) – 1803 (Birgderkamp))
                    6-2. Johannes Gottlieb (1801 (Stachelhausen) – 1803 (Birgderkamp))
                    7-2. Helena Juliana (1805 (Dorf)) (emigrated with her father in 1814)
                    8-2. Lisetta (1812) (emigrated with her father in 1814)
                    9-2. Juliana (1814) (emigrated with her father in 1814)
                    10-2. Karl (1823) (lived in the city of Tomsk)
                    11-2. August (1825) (lived in the city of Shadrinsk)
                    12-2. Wilhelm (in Russian, Vasiliy) (1826) (lived in the city of Shadrinsk)
                    13-2. Peter (1834) (lived in the city of Ekaterinburg)
                    14-2. Adolf (1836)
                    15-2. Sofia (1841)
                    16-2. Alexander (1843) (wife – Elvira, 1843, daughter of Carl Schmidt)

                    IV generation
                    17-4. Evgraf (1821-1874) (wife - Theresia, 1831, daughter of Andreas Höfer from Klingenthal, Bas-Rhin, France)
                    18-4. Alexander (1828)
                    19-4. Alexandra (1830)
                    20-4. Elisabeth (1833)
                    21-4. Pelageya (1833)
                    22-16. Alma (1871)
                    23-16. Erich (1872)
                    24-16. Adolin (1873, born in the city of Ekaterinburg, lived in the city of Ufa) (Anna, 1884, daughter of Vasiliy Artamonov, from the city of Troitsk)
                    25-16. Elvira (1875, born in the city of Ekaterinburg)
                    26-16. Eugeni (1876, born in the city of Shadrinsk)
                    27-16. Ida (1884, born in the Kyshtym plant)
                    28-16. Alexander (1887)

                    V generation
                    29-17. Alexandra (1848)
                    30-17. Anna (1853)
                    31-17. Alexander (1854)
                    32-17. Leonid (1855)
                    33-17. Julia (1861-1921 (died in the city of Balashov, Saratov region)) (husband – Andrey Blinovskiy, 1856, born in the Kasli plant, lived in the cities of Ekaterinburg and Yalutorovsk; see Russian forum: https://forum.vgd.ru/post/1143/6243/....htm#pp3841727 )
                    34-17. Raisa (1865)
                    35-17. Anatoli (1868) (Maria, 1872, daughter of Vasiliy Rostovski)
                    36-17. Wladimir (1871)
                    Zuletzt geändert von londmitrij; 18.11.2022, 11:01.

                    Kommentar

                    • londmitrij
                      Benutzer
                      • 11.07.2021
                      • 66

                      #12
                      Below is the genealogy of Richter family who emigrated from Solingen to Zlatoust in April 1814. The genealogy was made on the basis of the above sources.
                      Numbering of persons in the following format: xxx-yyy, where xxx - number of a person in the list, yyy - number of a person's father. "My" direct ancestors are in bold.

                      Genealogie der Familie Richter

                      I generation
                      1. Christian (Johann Christian, Christian Karl) (1702, Richstein, Bad Berleburg, Kreis Siegen-Wittgenstein, Nordrhein-Westfalen) (Johannetta (Maria Johannetta) Schunk, 1707-1762; father – Leopold Schunk, 1671-1701) (https://www.online-ofb.de/famreport....988935&lang=de )

                      II generation
                      2-1. Philip (Johann Jacob) (1730, Richstein) (Anna Catharina Becker, 1742) (https://www.online-ofb.de/famreport....ichter&lang=de )
                      3-1. Eva (Eva Elisabeth) (1741, Richstein) (husband – Jakob (Jakob Henrich) Wunderlich, 1734-1795; son – Konrad (Johann Konrad), 1766) (https://www.online-ofb.de/famreport....ichter&lang=de )
                      4-1. Katharina (Anna Katharina) (1750, Richstein) (husband – Johannes Kersting, 1735; daughter – Katharina (Katharina Justine Sophie), 1786-1788) (https://www.online-ofb.de/famreport....ichter&lang=de )

                      III generation
                      5-2. Gottfried (Johann Gottfried) (1760-1770, Richstein) (https://www.online-ofb.de/famreport....ichter&lang=de )
                      6-2. Peter (Johann Peter) (1767-1771, Richstein) (https://www.online-ofb.de/famreport....ichter&lang=de )
                      7-2. Georg (Jurgen Wilhelm, Georg Wilhelm, Johann Wilhelm) (1770 (Richstein) – before 1855 (Zlatoust)) (first wife – Anna Juliana Maria Christina Brenner, 1769; second wife – Anna Maria Claas, 1784; third wife - Caroline, 1804; forth wife – Frederika (in Russian, Fedosia), 1799) (emigrated in 1814) (https://www.online-ofb.de/famreport....ichter&lang=de )

                      IV generation
                      8-7. Johannes Carl Wilhelm (1794 (Berghausen) - 1808 (Remscheid))
                      9-7. Friedrich Wilhelm Jacob (in Russian, Yakov) (1797 (Stachelhausen) - 1869 (Zlatoust)) (first wife – Pelageya Nikolaevna, 1797-1833; second wife – Emilia, 1808, daughter of Peter Waterkamp) (emigrated with his father in 1814)
                      10-7. Johannes Friedrich Wilhelm (1799 (Stachelhausen) – 1803 (Birgderkamp))
                      11-7. Johannes Gottlieb (1801 (Stachelhausen) – 1803 (Birgderkamp))
                      12-7. Helena Juliana (1805 (Dorf)) (emigrated with her father in 1814)
                      13-7. Lisetta (1812) (emigrated with her father in 1814)
                      14-7. Juliana (1814) (emigrated with her father in 1814)
                      15-7. Karl (1823) (lived in the city of Tomsk)
                      16-7. August Karl (1825) (lived in the city of Shadrinsk)
                      17-7. Wilhelm (in Russian, Vasiliy) (1826) (lived in the city of Shadrinsk)
                      18-7. Peter (1834) (lived in the city of Ekaterinburg)
                      19-7. Daniel Adolf (1836)
                      20-7. Sofia (1841)
                      21-7. Alexander (1843) (wife – Elvira, 1843, daughter of Karl Schmidt)

                      V generation
                      22-9. Evgraf (1821-1874) (wife - Theresia, 1827, daughter of Andreas Höfer from Klingenthal, Bas-Rhin (Alsace), France; see Russian forum: https://forum.vgd.ru/post/4098/13027....htm#pp4335309 )
                      23-9. Alexander (1828)
                      24-9. Alexandra (1830)
                      25-9. Elisabeth (1833)
                      26-9. Pelageya (1833)
                      27-21. Alma (1871)
                      28-21. Erich (1872)
                      29-21. Adolin (1873, born in the city of Ekaterinburg, lived in the city of Ufa) (Anna, 1884, daughter of Vasiliy Artamonov, from the city of Troitsk)
                      30-21. Elvira (1875, born in the city of Ekaterinburg)
                      31-21. Eugeni (1876, born in the city of Shadrinsk)
                      32-21. Ida (1884, born in the Kyshtym plant)
                      33-21. Alexander (1887)

                      VI generation
                      34-22. Alexandra (1848)
                      35-22. Anna (1853)
                      36-22. Alexander (1854)
                      37-22. Leonid (1855)
                      38-22. Julia (1861-1921 (died in the city of Balashov, Saratov region)) (husband – Andrey Blinovskiy, 1856, born in the Kasli plant, lived in the cities of Ekaterinburg and Yalutorovsk; see Russian forum: https://forum.vgd.ru/post/1143/6243/....htm#pp3841727 )
                      39-22. Raisa (1865)
                      40-22. Anatoli (1868) (Maria, 1872, daughter of Vasiliy Rostovski)
                      41-22. Wladimir (1871)
                      Zuletzt geändert von londmitrij; 30.05.2023, 08:21.

                      Kommentar

                      • londmitrij
                        Benutzer
                        • 11.07.2021
                        • 66

                        #13
                        I received answers from some archives concerning the emigration of German armorers (from Solingen region) to Russia (to Zlatoust, Ural).

                        1) Landesarchiv NRW Abteilung Westfalen
                        ( https://www.archive.nrw.de/ )
                        - K 001 / Oberpräsidium Münster, Nr. 2788 “Auswanderung von Fabrikarbeitern bes. nach Rußland": a quick look did not reveal either lists or names of individual masters;
                        - AA 0639 / Generalgouvernement Berg AA 0639, Nr. 1810 “Handwerker und Fabrikarbeiter”: when viewing, the names of Georg and Jacob Richter were not identified either in the text or as separate documents;

                        2) Archiv der Hansestadt Lübeck
                        ( https://www.luebeck.de/de/stadtleben...r/stadtarchiv/ )
                        the following response was received:
                        "In der zweiten Hälfte des 18. Jahrhunderts sind in Lübeck ca. 40.000 Kolonisten durchgeschleust worden, die ein Aufruf Zarin Katharinas aus allen Gebieten Deutschlands, insbesondere Süddeutschlands, zur Ansiedlung in Russland mobilisiert hatte. 1766 hat der Rat der Stadt Lübeck den Herren der Wette und des Marstalls befohlen, Listen über die Zahl der in Lübeck liegenden Kolonisten und deren Quartiere aufzustellen. Diese verzeichnen aber nicht den Namen, Herkunftsort, Stand, Profession, materielle Lage, Geschlecht, Alter, auch nicht, ob es Familien oder ledige Personen waren. Auch in den anderen Aktenstücken ist nichts über die Zusammensetzung der Kolonisten gesagt. Der einzige mögliche Aufenthaltsnachweis in den Unterlagen des AHL ist durch die Niederschrift von Amtshandlungen in den Kirchenbüchern (Zeitraum ca. 17. – 19. Jahrhundert) der evangelisch-lutherischen Kirchen bzw. der Reformierten Gemeinde zu erwarten. Diese sind durch die Personenkartei des Archivs erschlossen. Die von Ihnen genannten Personen konnte ich darin leider nicht finden.
                        Wenige Personen haben durch juristische Auseinandersetzungen mit dem Lübecker Rat o.ä. Niederschlag in den Unterlagen des Archivs gefunden. Diese sind in einer unveröffentlichten, in der Dienstbibliothek des AHL und in der Bibliothek der Hansestadt Lübeck vorhandenen Dissertation behandelt:
                        Alexandra Kronberg, Lübeck als Sammelplatz deutscher Siedlerzüge nach Russland zu Ausgang des 18. Jahrhunderts. Nach den Lübecker Auswanderungsakten. [Masch.] Diss. phil. Wien 1944."

                        “In the second half of the 18th century, about 40,000 colonists were transported through Lübeck, who were mobilized by Tsarina Catherine from all regions of Germany, especially from southern Germany, to settle in Russia. In 1766, the city council of Lübeck ordered the Lords of Wette and Marstall to compile lists of the number of colonists in Lübeck and its quarters. However, they do not indicate name, place of origin, status, profession, financial situation, gender, age, or whether they were families or single people. The only possible confirmation of residence should be in the church registers of the Evangelical Lutheran or Reformed churches. These are available through the index of persons in the archive. Unfortunately, I was not able to find the people you mentioned (Richter).
                        Several people appear in archival documents due to legal disputes with the Lübeck Council or similar organizations. This is stated in the dissertation available in the service library and in the library of the Hanseatic city of Lübeck: Alexandra Kronberg. Lübeck als Sammelplatz deutscher Siedlerzüge nach Russland zu Ausgang des 18. Jahrhunderts. Nach den Lübecker Auswanderungsakten. [Masch.] Diss. phil. Wien 1944."

                        3) Geheimes Staatsarchiv Preußischer Kulturbesitz (GStA PK)
                        ( https://gsta.preussischer-kulturbesitz.de )
                        this archive is mentioned in an article by Leo Busch (Zeitschrift des BGV, 1939, 67) that provides extracts from archival documents regarding the emigration of Germans to the Ural.
                        The following response was received:
                        "Die bei Busch zitierten Archivalien haben die heute gültigen Signaturen:
                        - III. HA MdA, III Nr. 10579 (Auswanderung von Stahlarbeitern) und Nr. 10580 (Auswanderung von Mennoniten). Diese Archivalien sowie die mit den Signaturen III. HA MdA, III Nr. 1, Nr. 2, Nr. 5, Nr. 6, Nr. 18, Nr. 19, Nr. 20 und Nr. 10587 habe ich vollständig durchgesehen; leider erfolglos. Der Name „Richter“ lässt sich hier nicht nachweisen. Die Überlieferung des Ministeriums für auswärtige Angelegenheiten ist online recherchierbar. Hier in Frage kommen: 03.01.01.01 Auswanderungen, Erbschaften, Paßangelegenheiten (spk-berlin.de) und 03.01.03.15.01 Auswanderungen, Erbschaften, Passangelegenheiten ( https://archivdatenbank.gsta.spk-berlin.de/ )
                        - I. HA Rep. 114 Abt. VIII Spez. Nr. 2 Bd. 1: Verwaltung des Großherzogtums Berg, 1813-1814, enthält Schriftwechsel wegen der Pässe, die Eversmann für die Ausreisewilligen beantragt hat (fol. 117-118 verso, 259-284 verso) – der Name Richter taucht hier allerdings auch nicht auf.
                        - I. HA Rep. 114 Abt. VIII Spez. Nr. 2 Bd. 2: : Verwaltung des Großherzogtums Berg, 1814, enthält nichts zum Sachverhalt."

                        “the archival documents referred to by Leo Bush today have the following output data and names:
                        - III. HA MdA, III Nr. 10579 (emigration of steelworkers) and No. 10580 (emigration of Mennonites). These archival documents were reviewed fully, as well as documents with signatures III. HA MdA, III Nr. 1, No. 2, No. 5, Nr. 6, No. 18, Nr. 19, Nr. 20 and Nr. 10587. Unfortunately, the name Richter was not found. The records of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs can be viewed online under the numbers: 03.01.01.01 and 03.01.03.15.01 (Emigration, Inheritance, Passport Affairs) ( https://archivdatenbank.gsta.spk-berlin.de/ ).
                        - I. HA Rep. 114 Abt. VIII Spez. No. 2 Bd. 1: Administration of the Grand Duchy of Berg, 1813-1814. Contains correspondence regarding passports that Eversmann applied for those wishing to leave the country (pp. 117-118, 259-284). However, the name Richter does not appear here.
                        - I. HA Rep. 114 Abt. VIII Spez. No. 2 Bd. 2: Administration of the Grand Duchy of Berg, 1814. This documents contain nothing interesting."

                        Kommentar

                        • londmitrij
                          Benutzer
                          • 11.07.2021
                          • 66

                          #14
                          Emigration to Zlatoust continued at a later time (after 1814) from other regions. Thus, in 1817, masters from the Klingenthal manufactory (Alsace, Bas-Rhin, France) moved to the factory in Zlatoust. In this case, one of the possible reasons for the relocation was that in 1816, after the fall of Napoleon's empire and the restoration of the monarchy by King Louis XVIII, the rules and conditions of work at the manufactory changed. Those workers who did not agree left or were fired; some of them went to Zlatoust. Among them were also my ancestors Andreas Hoffer and Joseph Lambert (their genealogy is given here: https://forum.vgd.ru/post/4098/13027....htm#pp4335309 ).
                          It is interesting that the manufactory in Klingenthal was previously (in 1730) founded by masters from Solingen ( https://www.klingenthal.fr/les-ouvriers/ ).

                          Catholic church records of the city of Zlatoust about the birth, marriage and death of the masters from Klingenthal are stored in the National Historical Archives of Belarus (documents 1781-30-36; records in Latin and Russian).
                          ( https://niab.by/newsite/en )
                          Family Search link: https://www.familysearch.org/search/...tory%20Library
                          Additionally, these records are partially indexed by me here: https://forum.vgd.ru/post/4098/13027....htm#pp4335021

                          Information about the Klingenthal masters can be obtained from the following archives and genealogical databases in France:

                          1) Archives départementales du Bas-Rhin
                          42 km d'archives (gravures, registres, vidéos), de 815 à nos jours. A découvrir : actes en lignes et instruments de recherche dans les fonds originaux.

                          - church books are in electronic form on the archive website in the Adeloch system: https://archives.bas-rhin.fr/registr...597-P3-R215397
                          These documents are partially indexed (you can search by first and last names) and are located in the FamilySearch collection at the link: https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/4116416
                          - in file R305 on microfilm 1MI.215 there are lists of masters of the Klingenthal manufactory with their names, dates of birth, places of birth and residence, professions, dates of entry into and dismissal from the factory (I have some sheets; the rest can be obtained by contacting archive or museum of the manufactory (see below)).

                          2) Musée du Klingenthal
                          The genealogy of the factory masters is described here at the following links:

                          Généalogie de famille générée par Oxy-gen : Outils de manipulation de fichiers généalogique GEDCOM
                          Zuletzt geändert von londmitrij; 28.09.2023, 08:39.

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